Copyright is shared by Italian Geological Society (SGI) and Geological Survey of Italy (ISPRA) and with authors of individual contributions although articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The authors will transfer copyright of their work to the journal after final acceptance of the manuscript for publication. Individual authors may use a single figure and/or a table and/or a brief paragraph of text in a subsequent work, provided this work be of a scientific nature, and intended for use in a learned journal, book or other peer reviewed publication. Copies of this article and maps may be reproduced in unlimited numbers for use in a classroom, to further education and science.
It is a general principle of scholarly communication that the Editors of a learned journal are solely and independently responsible for deciding which articles submitted to the journal shall be published. In making this decision, the Editor in Chief (EiC) is guided by policies of the journal's Editorial Board (EB) and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Anonymous Peer Reviewing is the adopted method for the scientific evaluation of the submitted manuscript.
The EB may decide for rejection upon submission if the manuscript does not match the main topics defined by the subject category to which the journal belongs (see JCR by Thomson Reuters), the corresponding author has not accepted to explicitly declare the originality of the manuscript, it is shown that manuscript is either a duplicates of significant parts of already published papers.
An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship. Articles and maps that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as is possible. However, very occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be undertaken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances.
This policy has been designed to address these concerns and to take into account current best practice in the scholarly and library communities. As standards evolve and change, we will revisit this issue and welcome the input of scholarly and library communities. We believe these issues require international standards and we will be active in lobbying various information bodies to establish international standards and best practices that the publishing scientific societies can adopt.
Used for articles in Press that represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors, or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like.
Articles in Press (articles that have been accepted for publication but which have not been formally published and will not yet have the complete volume/issue/page information) that include errors, or are discovered to be accidental duplicates of other published article(s), or are determined to violate our journal publishing ethics guidelines in the view of the editors (such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like), may be "Withdrawn" from GeoScienceWorld. Withdrawn means that the article content (HTML and PDF) is removed and replaced with a HTML page and PDF simply stating that the article has been withdrawn according to the Editorial policy.
Breaches of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like, are sanctioned by the Italian Geological Society.
One of the conditions of submission of a manuscript for publication through the https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/ijg is that authors declare explicitly that the manuscript is NOT UNDER CONSIDERATION for publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. A retraction will be used to correct these events.
The retraction of an article by its authors or the Editorial Board under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction also by the Italian Geological Society.
In the case of a request of retraction signed by the authors for duplication due to a submission error, a retraction note titled "Retraction: [article title]" signed by the authors is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list. In the electronic version the notice will appear in place of the link to the original article, and the DOI is renominated as "article retraction action". The manuscript would not be anymore available on-line.
In the case of a request of retraction signed by the Editorial Board for breaches of the professional ethical codes a retraction note titled "Retraction: [article title]" signed by the Editorial Board is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list. In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article and to the duplicate article.
The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to both article itself.
The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the .pdf indicating on each page that it is "retracted." The HTML version of the document is removed.